The Basics of Chess
Your ultimate goal in the game of chess is to capture your King's opponent. Once you captured your opponent's King, you win!
The chessboard is the battleground of the game of chess. It consist of sixty four (64) equal squares arranged alternately with each other in "black" and "white" or "dark" and "light" color. The correct positioning of the chessboard when placed in between two players should be that the white square at the right bottom of the chessboard be "white" or "light" square.
The Chess Pieces
The total number of pieces in the game of chess is thirty two (32). Sixteen (16) pieces black and sixteen (16) pieces white. Each colored pieces consist of one (1) King, one (1) Queen, two (2) Rooks, two (2) Knights, two (2) Bishops and eight (8) Pawns.
The King can move only one (1) square at a time vertically, horizontally, or diagonally in the chessboard as long as it is not blocked by other pieces and is not attacked by your opponent’s piece.
The Queen can move any number of squares vertically, horizontally, and diagonally in the chessboard as long as it is not blocked by other pieces. It is not allowed to jump over any other pieces.
The Rook can move any number of squares vertically or horizontally in the chessboard as long as it is not blocked by other pieces. It is not allowed to jump over any other pieces.
The Bishop can move any number of squares diagonally in the chess board as long as it is not blocked by other pieces. It is not allowed to jump over any other pieces.
The knight has a special move. It can jump over to other pieces in the chessboard. It moves in a "L" direction. It moves two (2) squares horizontally or vertically and then moves one (1) square to the left or right.
The pawn moves straight forward ahead. It has the option of moving forward one (1) square or two (2) squares on its initial move.
The pawn captures an opponent's piece diagonally. When making a capture it advances diagonally to one square ahead.
“En Passant” is a French term of "in passing". En Passant capture happens when a pawn captures a pawn as it passes a square. In the example below, when a player moves his black pawn two squares forward, the white pawn has the option to capture to the black pawn diagonally as if the black pawn moves only one square forward. This kind of pawn capture is known as “En Passant”
Castling is a simultaneous movement of the King and Rook.
In the King side castling, the King moves two (2) squares to the right towards the Rook and at the same time, the Rook moves two (2) squares to the left.
In the Queen side castling, the King moves two (2) squares to the left towards the Rook, and at the same time, the Rook moves three (3) squares to the right.
Castling can only be made provided that the King is not under check or if the King or Rook has not made any initial move.